First meeting of biodiversity implementation body recommends ways and means to enhance achievement of global biodiversity targets.

Montreal 8 May 2016 – The first meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation (SBI 1) of the

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) came to a close on 6 May 2016 in Montreal, Canada.

Delegates from around the world advanced attention on national action by recommending tools and

approaches for implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and a more effective operation

of the decision-making bodies of the Convention on Biological Diversity. 

The Subsidiary Body on Implementation (SBI) was established by the Conference of the Parties, at its

twelfth meeting (COP 12). It replaces the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Review of

Implementation of the Convention and also provides guidance on the implementation on the Cartagena

Protocol on Biosafety, and the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and

Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization.

Recommendations from SBI 1 will be considered by the Parties to the Convention and its Protocols at all

the meetings of the Conference of the Parties and meetings of the Parties to the two Protocols scheduled to

take place in Cancun, Mexico from 4 to 17 December 2016. The main issues considered at SBI 1


Mainstreaming: SBI 1 recommended strategic actions on mainstreaming biodiversity within and across

sectors with a particular focus on agriculture, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture, and tourism. There were

also recommendations on mainstreaming measures which cut across all sectors, such as the use of

economic valuation tools, and environmental assessments which evaluate potential impacts on

biodiversity as well as ecosystem services. Parties recognized the close linkages between the Strategic

Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and urged

governments to ensure that biodiversity is included in the implementation of all relevant sustainable

development goals. There were also provisions on the role of business and of subnational and local

governments for the achievement of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, as well as the role of


Capacity building and technical and scientific cooperation: Parties recommended a more integrated and

coherent approach to capacity-building and technical and scientific cooperation in supporting the

implementation of the Convention and its Protocols as well as with the other relevant biodiversity-related

multilateral environmental agreements. They set up a process to further develop and finalise the web 

strategy and the action plan with regards to capacity-building. They recommended that the Secretariat

would further streamline and focus the draft short-term action plan on capacity-building in time for

consideration by the Parties at COP 13 and commission by 2020 an independent evaluation of the impacts,

outcomes and effectiveness of the action plan. They also agreed to further develop the clearing-house

mechanism all at the central and national levels and to align the web strategy for the Convention and its

Protocols with the communication strategy to be prepared for COP 13.

Review of Progress on the Strategic Plan: Parties reviewed progress towards the implementation of the

Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, a globally agreed plan for halting biodiversity loss through the

achievement of a set of 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets at the global, regional and national levels. SBI

recommended a variety of actions that could be taken by Parties, such as updating National Biodiversity

Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) as a flexible framework, considering, among others, the resources

provided through the strategy for resource mobilization; involving subnational governments, cities and

other local authorities when revising their NBSAPs; undertaking activities regarding full and effective

participation of indigenous peoples and local communities; continuing work on the voluntary peer review

mechanism; including targets of other relevant conventions and the Sustainable Development Goals; and

providing financial support, for the development, implementation and monitoring of NBSAPs.

Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: Delegates looked as the results of the third assessment and review of the

effectiveness of the Protocol and the mid-term evaluation of the Strategic Plan for the Cartagena Protocol

on Biosafety for the period 2011-2020 and made a number of recommendations to the eighth Conference

of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties (COP-MOP 8) to the Cartagena Protocol. For the

remaining period of the Strategic Plan, it was recommended to prioritise operational objectives relating to

the development of biosafety legislation, risk assessment, detection and identification of living modified

organisms, and public awareness, education and training. It was also recommended that in the follow-up

to the current Strategic Plan, indicators should be streamlined to ensure that progress can be easily be

tracked and quantified.

Nagoya Protocol: Delegates reviewed progress made towards Aichi Biodiversity Target 16 (the Nagoya

Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their

Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation). The first part of Target 16 was

successfully achieved with the entry into force of the Protocol on 12 October 2014. 74 Parties to the CBD

have now ratified the Protocol. Recognising the efforts made by Parties and non-Parties in implementing

the Nagoya Protocol, delegates also called for further progress to make the Nagoya Protocol operational as

required by the second part of this Aichi Target, including by establishing institutional structures and

legislative, administrative or policy measures; and by making all relevant information available to the

Access and Benefit-sharing Clearing-House. The need for capacity-building and financial resources for

this purpose was also highlighted.

Synergies among the biodiversity-related conventions: SBI looked at ways to strengthen synergies among

the biodiversity-related conventions, including the CBD, the Convention on International Trade in

Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and (CITES), the Convention on the Conservation of

Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), the

International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA), the Ramsar

Convention on Wetlands and the World Heritage Convention (WHC). Parties welcomed the outcomes of a

recent workshop on synergies that brought together 32 Party representatives of these seven global 

biodiversity-related conventions. They agreed to refine these outcomes through further collaborative work

in order to provide voluntary guidelines for actions at the national level and a road map for the period

2017-2020 for actions at the international level that could be initiated by the CBD COP at its thirteenth


Resource Mobilization: COP 12 adopted targets for the mobilization of resources for the effective

implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, and also adopted a reporting framework

for monitoring progress against these targets. SBI 1 noted the limited number of completed financial

reporting frameworks received in time, and urged Parties that have not yet done so to report by 31 August

2016, in time for consideration of progress by COP 13. SBI 1 also recommended Parties that have

finalized the revision and update of their national biodiversity strategy and action plans to identify their

funding needs, gaps, and priorities and to develop their national finance plans for the effective

implementation of revised national biodiversity strategy and action plans, as a matter of priority.

Financial mechanism: The Global Environment Facility is the financial mechanism of the CBD. Parties

took note of the progress made in GEF 7 funding-needs assessment and urged relevant Parties to respond

to a questionnaire on GEF 7 funding needs in order for the expert team to finalize a report. Parties also

agreed to take decisions at COP 13 on a four-year framework for programme priorities for GEF 7, and the

fifth review of the effectiveness of the financial mechanism.

National reporting: The meeting recommended agreed guidelines for the sixth national reports, including

a voluntary online reporting tool with the reporting templates by 31 March 2017 and for Parties to submit

their sixth national report preferably by 31 December 2018. The meeting also agreed to enhance the

alignment in national reporting under the Convention and its Protocols, including synchronized activities

with common deadlines for submissions, formats and integration of the central clearing-house mechanism.

Integration among the Convention and its Protocols: Further integration of meetings and ways of working

among Convention and its Protocols, was recommended. Parties recognized the need to better integrate

cross-cutting activities, such as capacity-building and development across the CBD and its Protocols to

avoid duplication and reduce costs while respecting and upholding the legal integrity of each treaty. A list

of criteria that concurrent meetings should meet was recommended, including ways to ensure the full and

effective participation of smaller delegations from developing country Parties, small island developing

states and Parties with economies in transition.

Administration of the Convention, including the Functional Review: SBI 1 noted the functional review

submitted by the Secretariat, and recommended that further work should ensure that the main functions of

the Secretariat of the Convention and its Protocols remain at the core of the functional review and are

reflected in the structure of the Secretariat; and improve its communications with Parties on progress and

results of functional review through the Bureau.

Modus operandi of the SBI: The meeting agreed to adopt a modus operandi of the SBI, including a

mechanism for the review of the implementation under the SBI and the procedures regarding the election

of the Chair. Parties also welcomed the development of a decision-tracking tool. 

Note to editors

The SBI-1 final report will be available at:

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

Opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, and entering into force in

December 1993, the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty for the conservation of

biodiversity, the sustainable use of the components of biodiversity and the equitable sharing of the

benefits derived from the use of genetic resources. With 196 Parties so far, the Convention has near

universal participation among countries. The Convention seeks to address all threats to biodiversity and

ecosystem services, including threats from climate change, through scientific assessments, the

development of tools, incentives and processes, the transfer of technologies and good practices and the full

and active involvement of relevant stakeholders including indigenous and local communities, youth,

NGOs, women and the business community. The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the Nagoya

Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing are supplementary agreements to the Convention. The Cartagena

Protocol, which entered into force on 11 September 2003, seeks to protect biological diversity from the

potential risks posed by living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology. To date, 170

Parties have ratified the Cartagena Protocol. The Nagoya Protocol aims at sharing the benefits arising

from the utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way, including by appropriate access to

genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies. It entered into force on 12 October

2014 and to date has been ratified by 74 Parties. For more information visit: For additional

information, please contact: David Ainsworth on +1 514 287 7025 or at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; or

Johan Hedlund on +1 514 287 6670 or at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.