The Nigerian government recognizes the need to conserve its biological diversity and has made a commitment to conserve Nigeria’s 25% of total forest area. Emphasis will be placed on in situ conservation of biodiversity within protected areas such as Forest Reserves, Game Reserves, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. In situ conservation outside protected areas will also be encouraged to complement conservation of biological diversity inside protected areas, to secure Nigeria’s biodiversity for future generations.

Priority attention will be placed on conservation of unique ecological characteristics and ecosystems such as mountain, mangrove, wetlands, savanna and rain forests and transit sites for migratory species. The Plan also contains specific priority setting and actions for ex situ conservation of various species of plants and animals of economic importance, including re-introduction of locally extinct animals, lost crops, and conservation of threatened or endangered species. The administrative and policy reforms contained in the Plan will provide a vehicle for achieving our biodiversity conservation goals and objectives.

Assessment of the status of biodiversity would proceed hand-in-hand with assessment of the socio-economic factors determining biodiversity use. Appropriate spatial scales have been determined for study: for many purposes, especially at the local village level. However regional and national level analysis is also important for a complete understanding of the exploitation of major resources, such as fisheries and timber. In setting the goals, secondary materials from published sources have been combined with some in-depth analyses and rapid surveys to ensure that appropriate measures are taken to balance use and conservation.